Concussions and Traumatic Brain Injury

Concussions and Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) result from any injury to the head that causes a change in consciousness, however brief.

Traumatic Brain Injury can happen in young football players

Traumatic brain injury happens in a lot of contact sports

Common examples of causes of TBI include car accidents, sports collisions or accidents, and falls.

Testing for traumatic brain injuries promptly is very important in being able to obtain the necessary help to mitigate any damage suffered.

Damage to the brain causes changes in abilities such as:

  • attention
  • memory
  • judgment
  • perception
  • speech
  • emotion

These changes may be severe and quite noticeable, or they may be subtle and noticed only by the injured individual.

Brain Injury from skiing

Sports injuries are common causes of traumatic brain injuries

Other symptoms of TBI include disorientation, confusion, headache, fatigue, slurred speech or word-finding problems, changes in hearing or vision.

These changes can impact the individual’s ability to work or succeed in school and can have a profound impact on his or her relationships with others.

TBI occurs along with physical injury in some cases, and in others is the only injury resulting from the accident or fall.

Brain imaging such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is initially used in the emergency room or by your physician to rule out life threatening brain injury.  In addition, they help in observing structural changes or abnormalities.


Neuropsychological assessment can assist in:

  1.  documenting cognitive and emotional strengths and weaknesses
  2.  diagnosis and prognosis
  3.  treatment recommendations